A double coat consists of a dense, soft undercoat concealed by a longer topcoat. Several breeds of dog fit this coat type, so for the purposes of this book we have split this group into two:
• Double coat — one (untrimmed or tidied). The breeds with this type of coat are those that require much grooming and removal of dead undercoat with little or no trimming. Examples are the German Shepherd, Rough Collie, Samoyed, St. Bernard and Tervueren .
• Double coat — two (trimmed). These breeds have a much longer topcoat, which in theory (and particularly for show purposes) should not be trimmed. However, for pet purposes a more practical, shortened style is far more appropriate. Examples are the Lhasa Apso, Shih Tzu and Old English Sheepdog
The most important feature of this coat is its texture and not the length. Once again, breeds with this type of coat may require a lot or a small amount of trimming. Breed examples include the Afghan Hound, spaniels such as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Yorkshire Terrier
This coat is easily defined by the length, being short and tight to the body. This coat type is the low-maintenance type in grooming terms. The main objectives of grooming these breeds is to remove dead coat and give a glossy finish. Breed examples include the Boxer, Dobermann, Weimeraner and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
This coat has a harsh, dense topcoat with a softer undercoat. The coat should be ‘hand-stripped’ to maintain the correct texture and colour but many pets are clipped for the ease and cost of grooming — this is not acceptable in the show ring. The main breed examples here are terriers, e.g. West Highland White, Wire Fox, Border and Scottish Terrier although there are other breeds such as the Miniature Schnauzer and Wire Haired Dachshund.
These breeds require specific drying techniques and trimming styles. Examples are poodles , Irish Water Spaniels and Bichon Irrespective of breed or coat type, all dogs should be groomed on a regular basis for many reasons:
• Promotes good handler—dog relationship.
• Promotes health, cleanliness and well-being of the dog.
• Provides an opportunity to inspect the dog for any skin, coat or health