Types of Dogs Coats
A double coat consists of a dense, soft undercoat concealed by a longer topcoat.Several breeds of dog fit this coat type, so for the purposes of this book we have
split this group into two:
• Double coat — one (untrimmed or tidied). The breeds with this type of coat are
those that require much grooming and removal of dead undercoat with little or
no trimming. Examples are the German Shepherd, Rough Collie, Samoyed, St.
Bernard and Tervueren .
Double coat — two (trimmed). These breeds have a much longer topcoat,which in theory (and particularly for show purposes) should not be trimmed.
However, for pet purposes a more practical, shortened style is far more
appropriate. Examples are the Lhasa Apso, Shih Tzu and Old English
The most important feature of this coat is its texture and not the length. Once
again, breeds with this type of coat may require a lot or a small amount of trimming.
Breed examples include the Afghan Hound, spaniels such as the Cavalier
King Charles Spaniel and Yorkshire Terrier
This coat is easily defined by the length, being short and tight to the body. This
coat type is the low-maintenance type in grooming terms. The main objectives of
grooming these breeds is to remove dead coat and give a glossy finish. Breed
examples include the Boxer, Dobermann, Weimeraner and the Staffordshire Bull
This coat has a harsh, dense topcoat with a softer undercoat. The coat should be
‘hand-stripped’ to maintain the correct texture and colour but many pets are
clipped for the ease and cost of grooming — this is not acceptable in the show
ring. The main breed examples here are terriers, e.g. West Highland White, Wire
Fox, Border and Scottish Terrier although there are other breeds such as
the Miniature Schnauzer and Wire Haired Dachshund.
These breeds require specific drying techniques and trimming styles. Examples are poodles , Irish Water
Spaniels and Bichon
Irrespective of breed or coat type, all dogs should be groomed on a regular basis
for many reasons:
• Promotes good handler—dog relationship.
• Promotes health, cleanliness and well-being of the dog.
• Provides an opportunity to inspect the dog for any skin, coat or health